R is an open-source programming language that specializes in statistical computing and graphics. In this tutorial, we will install R on an Ubuntu 18.04 server.
For a more detailed version of this tutorial, with better explanations of each step, please refer to How To Install R on Ubuntu 18.04.
Step 1 — Add GPG Key
Logged into your Ubuntu 18.04 server as a sudo non-root user, add the relevant GPG key.
- sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys E298A3A825C0D65DFD57CBB651716619E084DAB9
Step 2 — Add the R Repository
- sudo add-apt-repository 'deb https://cloud.r-project.org/bin/linux/ubuntu bionic-cran35/'
If you’re not using 18.04, find the relevant repository from the R Project Ubuntu list, named for each release.
Step 3 — Update Package Lists
- sudo apt update
Step 4 — Install R
- sudo apt install r-base
If prompted to confirm installation, press
y to continue.
Step 5 — Test Install
Start R’s interactive shell as root.
- sudo -i R
You should receive output similar to the following:
R version 3.5.1 (2018-07-02) -- "Feather Spray" Copyright (C) 2018 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit) ... Type 'demo()' for some demos, 'help()' for on-line help, or 'help.start()' for an HTML browser interface to help. Type 'q()' to quit R. >
This confirms that we’ve successfully installed R and entered its interactive shell.